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获得司法正义与法律赋能
Access to Justice in Aceh: Making the Transition to Sustainable Peace and Development in Aceh
Foreword
 
Access to justice is increasingly recognised as a necessary condition for peace and development, especially in poor and post-conflict settings. Access to justice consolidates peace by creating the conditions that permit people to resolve legitimate grievances, which might otherwise lead to social conflict, in an effective and expedient manner based on legal certainty. Access to justice also contributes to sustainable human development by defining a minimum scope of legitimate claims based on human rights, while seeking to enhance claim-holders’ ability to reclaim these rights and holding duty-bearers accountable in protecting these rights.
 
The correlation between access to justice and peace and development provides the rationale for this access to justice assessment undertaken by UNDP between January and April 2006 in Indonesia’s western-most province of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam (Aceh). The assessment was conducted in partnership with the Badan Rehabilitasi dan Rekonstruksi (BRR; Agency for Rehabilitation and Reconstruction), Badan Perencanaan dan Pembangunan Nasional (BAPPENAS; National Planning and Development Agency), Syiah Kuala University (UNSYIAH), IAIN Ar- Raniry, the International Development Law Organization (IDLO) and the World Bank.
 
While UNDP has simultaneously undertaken another five access to justice assessments across the archipelago (in Maluku, North Maluku, Central Sulawesi, Southeast Sulawesi and West Kalimantan), this assessment is particularly crucial as Aceh emerges from the devastating dual ruin brought about by the tsunami of the 26th of December 2004, as well as over three decades of civil war. The Government of Indonesia and UNDP expect that, if sound progress can be made in strengthening citizens’ access to justice and the justice system at large, then sustainable peace and development can be achieved in Aceh.
 
On behalf of UNDP, I thank the Government of Indonesia for inviting UNDP to engage in the justice sector. UNDP is a lead organisation for institutional capacity development and is the primary UN Programme providing support and assistance to member governments in the Rule of Law and Access to Justice Sectors worldwide. UNDP is currently implementing over 20 Access to Justice Projects in conflict and post-conflict settings in Asia and the Pacific alone. Additionally, UNDP Country Offices that are implementing access to justice programmes have established an internal Rights and Justice Network to share information and lessons learned.
 

I would like to extend my gratitude to every individual and organization that was involved in this assessment. Our responsibility now is to take action and address the challenges identified in order to strengthen peace and development for the people of Aceh. 

Bo Asplund (Resident Representative UNDP Indonesia)

全文下载:www.undp.or.id/pubs/docs/Access%20to%20Justice.pdf

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